Parametric Nonlinear Optics
http://podcast.grenet.fr
This podcast shows 44 lectures in English for PhD, MSc students and postdocs. 23 lecturers who are specialists from all over the world gave these lectures with animated powerpoint supports and videos. Our podcast deals with various aspects of parametric nonlinear optics: classical and quantum pictures, geometries, materials, devices and applications. The 45 lectures were recorded during the first International School on Parametric Non Linear Optics (ISPNLO). It was organized By Pr Benoit Boulanger, Pr Robert W. Boyd and Pr Patricia Segonds. ISPNLO took place at Les Houches in France from 25th April to 1rst May 2016. The housing being limited, only 59 students had the chance to attend this school and live with the lecturers during 15 days. This school was labelled as an event of the International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015), and it was a thematic school of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS).It was sponsored by IYL 2015, CNRS, Société Française d’Optique (SFO), Société Européene d’Optique (EOS), Université Joseph Fourier de Grenoble France (UJF), Institut Polytechnique de Grenoble (INPG), Nanosciences Fondation, LANEF, Laboratoire d’Alliances Neurosciences, Energies du Futur de Grenoble (LANEF), and Ecole de Physique des Houches.
We aim at widely spreading out the 45 lectures given by 23 lecturers who are specialists from all over the world. Our podcast is dedicated to PhD, MSc students and postdocs, who did not have the chance to attend our first international school dealing with various aspects of parametric nonlinear optics: classical and quantum pictures, geometries, materials, devices and applications. It details fundamentals and current challenges in related research at the highest international level.fr-FR2016 Université de Grenoble - Creative Commons By-NC-SA 2.0Thu, 16 Mar 2017 10:14:27 +0000Thu, 16 Mar 2017 10:14:27 +0000eZ Components Feed 1.3 (http://ezcomponents.org/docs/tutorials/Feed)http://www.rssboard.org/rss-specificationBenoit Boulanger and Patricia Segondsnononlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticspatricia.Segonds@neel.cnrs.frBenoit Boulanger and Patricia SegondsClassical, Quantum, Materials, Geometries, Devices and ApplicationsThis podcast is made of 44 lectures dealing with various aspects of parametric nonlinear optics: classical and quantum pictures, geometries, materials, devices and applications.44- nonlinear microscopyThis lecture focuses on nonlinear optical microscopy (also called multiphoton microscopy) and its application in biological tissues. It is organized as follows:
1. Introduction
2. Implementation of multiphoton microscopy
Setup
Spatial resolution
Imaging depth
Other features
3. Endogenous multiphoton signals
Two-Photon Excited Fluorescence (2PEF)
Second Harmonic Generation (SHG)
Third Harmonic Generation (THG)
Coherent Raman Scattering (CRS)
4. Some examples of recent developments
Quantitative SHG imaging of collagen
Polarization-resolved SHG microscopy
5. Conclusion
43d24936293e717835b18a86dcb002cdMon, 06 Feb 2017 12:05:44 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:46:37nonlinear optical microscopy, biological tissues, 3D imaging, polarimetryMarie-Claire Schanne-Klein is Research Director at LOB Ecole Polytechnique at Palaiseau, FranceThis lecture focuses on nonlinear optical microscopy (also called multiphoton microscopy) and its application in biological tissues. It is organized as follows:
1. Introduction
2. Implementation of multiphoton microscopy
Setup
Spatial resolution
Imaging depth
Other features
3. Endogenous multiphoton signals
Two-Photon Excited Fluorescence (2PEF)
Second Harmonic Generation (SHG)
Third Harmonic Generation (THG)
Coherent Raman Scattering (CRS)
4. Some examples of recent developments
Quantitative SHG imaging of collagen
Polarization-resolved SHG microscopy
5. Conclusion
43- Methodology of characterization of nonlinear crystals IIf154d24b7015e50f69692f5245d027f6Mon, 06 Feb 2017 12:04:48 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds00:27:03nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsPatricia Segonds is Professor at Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA), France42- Methodology of characterization of nonlinear crystals I94a30d14b8775832ce39d88c1827c0ddMon, 06 Feb 2017 12:03:29 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:43:41nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsPatricia Segonds is Professor at Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA), France41- Multimode quantum optics IIIQuantum Optics, as the child of Optics and Quantum Mechanics, has inherited a double linearity: that of Maxwell equations, which use optical modes as a basis of solutions, and that of the Schrödinger equation, which uses quantum state bases. Considering these two bases on an equal footing and tailoring quantum fields not only in given modes, but also optimizing the spatiotemporalshapes of the modes in which the state is defined, has not been so far fully exploited. This specific feature of Quantum Optics opens wide perspectives for treating complex quantum states. These lectures give an introduction to this subject, at the frontier between classical optics and quantum optics. One shows how to experimentally determine the full multimode covariance matrix characterizing the complex system at the quantum level. and stresses the importance of the possibility of changing modal bases, and to extract physical modes from experimental data. Applications to information processing and high sensitivity optical measurements are also considered.a79212f8430109dacf9d3cdb911f7e0eMon, 06 Feb 2017 12:02:32 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:58:24Quantum optics, optical modes, quantum correlations and entanglement, optical coherenceClaude Fabre is professor at Université Pierre et Marie Curie Sorbonne at Paris, FranceQuantum Optics, as the child of Optics and Quantum Mechanics, has inherited a double linearity: that of Maxwell equations, which use optical modes as a basis of solutions, and that of the Schrödinger equation, which uses quantum state bases. Considering these two bases on an equal footing and tailoring quantum fields not only in given modes, but also optimizing the spatiotemporalshapes of the modes in which the state is defined, has not been so far fully exploited. This specific feature of Quantum Optics opens wide perspectives for treating complex quantum states. These lectures give an introduction to this subject, at the frontier between classical optics and quantum optics. One shows how to experimentally determine the full multimode covariance matrix characterizing the complex system at the quantum level. and stresses the importance of the possibility of changing modal bases, and to extract physical modes from experimental data. Applications to information processing and high sensitivity optical measurements are also considered.40- Diode pumped solid state lasers & fiber lasers for NLO8793133f28744e06f4eca1d3aff9f3deMon, 06 Feb 2017 12:01:30 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:01:00nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsFredrik Laurell is professor at KTH Stockholm, Sueden39- properties and applicaitons of oxide nonlinear crystals7a524f8d4acac5241935b24c91759e3aMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:59:01 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds02:07:55nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsValentin Petrov is Senior Researcher Associate at Max-Planck-Institut of Berlin, Germany38- Multimode quantum optics IIQuantum Optics, as the child of Optics and Quantum Mechanics, has inherited a double linearity: that of Maxwell equations, which use optical modes as a basis of solutions, and that of the Schrödinger equation, which uses quantum state bases. Considering these two bases on an equal footing and tailoring quantum fields not only in given modes, but also optimizing the spatiotemporalshapes of the modes in which the state is defined, has not been so far fully exploited. This specific feature of Quantum Optics opens wide perspectives for treating complex quantum states. These lectures give an introduction to this subject, at the frontier between classical optics and quantum optics. One shows how to experimentally determine the full multimode covariance matrix characterizing the complex system at the quantum level. and stresses the importance of the possibility of changing modal bases, and to extract physical modes from experimental data. Applications to information processing and high sensitivity optical measurements are also considered.61b1e2a7d587553c6f539ffa7821c5cfMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:56:56 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:56:59Quantum optics, optical modes, quantum correlations and entanglement, optical coherenceClaude Fabre is professor at Université Pierre et Marie Curie Sorbonne at Paris, FranceQuantum Optics, as the child of Optics and Quantum Mechanics, has inherited a double linearity: that of Maxwell equations, which use optical modes as a basis of solutions, and that of the Schrödinger equation, which uses quantum state bases. Considering these two bases on an equal footing and tailoring quantum fields not only in given modes, but also optimizing the spatiotemporalshapes of the modes in which the state is defined, has not been so far fully exploited. This specific feature of Quantum Optics opens wide perspectives for treating complex quantum states. These lectures give an introduction to this subject, at the frontier between classical optics and quantum optics. One shows how to experimentally determine the full multimode covariance matrix characterizing the complex system at the quantum level. and stresses the importance of the possibility of changing modal bases, and to extract physical modes from experimental data. Applications to information processing and high sensitivity optical measurements are also considered.37- Gas detection using parametric sourcesThis lecture provides a presentation of the various schemes of optical parametric sources for gas sensing applications. After an overview of the active optical gas sensing techniques, it aims at giving the relevant approaches to implement parametric sources in the different temporal regimes. Each case is illustrated by practical application examples from the literature and its pros and cons are discussed.
The outline of the lecture is the following:
• Infrared absorption of gases
• Optical fingerprints of molecules
• Why parametric sources are relevant?
• Overview of active optical gas sensing techniques
• Techniques for local sensing
• Techniques for standoff detection
• CW parametric sources for gas sensing
• DFG sources
• CW OPOs
• Pulsed parametric sources for gas sensing
• OPG
• Problematic of OPO linewidth in pulsed regime
• Injection-seeded OPOs
• Line-narrowing with intracavity spectrally selective elements
• Vernier spectral filtering
• Mode-locked OPOs for gas sensing
• Synchronously pumped OPOs047834ae3900da2a49c38193ed673c49Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:54:45 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:53:14Optical parametric sources, gas sensing, absorption spectroscopy, differential absorption lidarAntoine Godard is Senior Research Scientist at ONERA Palaiseau, FranceThis lecture provides a presentation of the various schemes of optical parametric sources for gas sensing applications. After an overview of the active optical gas sensing techniques, it aims at giving the relevant approaches to implement parametric sources in the different temporal regimes. Each case is illustrated by practical application examples from the literature and its pros and cons are discussed.
The outline of the lecture is the following:
• Infrared absorption of gases
• Optical fingerprints of molecules
• Why parametric sources are relevant?
• Overview of active optical gas sensing techniques
• Techniques for local sensing
• Techniques for standoff detection
• CW parametric sources for gas sensing
• DFG sources
• CW OPOs
• Pulsed parametric sources for gas sensing
• OPG
• Problematic of OPO linewidth in pulsed regime
• Injection-seeded OPOs
• Line-narrowing with intracavity spectrally selective elements
• Vernier spectral filtering
• Mode-locked OPOs for gas sensing
• Synchronously pumped OPOs36- Multimode quantum optics IQuantum Optics, as the child of Optics and Quantum Mechanics, has inherited a double linearity: that of Maxwell equations, which use optical modes as a basis of solutions, and that of the Schrödinger equation, which uses quantum state bases. Considering these two bases on an equal footing and tailoring quantum fields not only in given modes, but also optimizing the spatiotemporalshapes of the modes in which the state is defined, has not been so far fully exploited. This specific feature of Quantum Optics opens wide perspectives for treating complex quantum states. These lectures give an introduction to this subject, at the frontier between classical optics and quantum optics. One shows how to experimentally determine the full multimode covariance matrix characterizing the complex system at the quantum level. and stresses the importance of the possibility of changing modal bases, and to extract physical modes from experimental data. Applications to information processing and high sensitivity optical measurements are also considered.30f79c246aabf7185a4fdb5f3fab7412Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:53:41 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:58:28Quantum optics, optical modes, quantum correlations and entanglement, optical coherenceClaude Fabre is professor at Université Pierre et Marie Curie Sorbonne at Paris, FranceQuantum Optics, as the child of Optics and Quantum Mechanics, has inherited a double linearity: that of Maxwell equations, which use optical modes as a basis of solutions, and that of the Schrödinger equation, which uses quantum state bases. Considering these two bases on an equal footing and tailoring quantum fields not only in given modes, but also optimizing the spatiotemporalshapes of the modes in which the state is defined, has not been so far fully exploited. This specific feature of Quantum Optics opens wide perspectives for treating complex quantum states. These lectures give an introduction to this subject, at the frontier between classical optics and quantum optics. One shows how to experimentally determine the full multimode covariance matrix characterizing the complex system at the quantum level. and stresses the importance of the possibility of changing modal bases, and to extract physical modes from experimental data. Applications to information processing and high sensitivity optical measurements are also considered.35- Applications of NLO in laser physics & engineering of parametric devices9982a9dd2d82b195dada630b0539305eMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:51:39 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:22:59nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsFredrik Laurell is professor at KTH Stockholm, Sueden34- Adiabatic frequency conversion NL holographie2619670ca7b459c5eb3c5a2ef4a3f038Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:49:39 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:35:31nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsAdy Arie is Professor at Tel-Aviv University, Israel33- Squeezing obtained from NLO effects. EntanglementIn this second lecture, various types of squeezed light are reviewed:
- squeezed vacuum, including quadrature and twin-beam squeezed vacuum;
- displaced squeezed states;
- bright squeezed vacuum, i.e., squeezed vacuum with a large number of photons per mode.
Finally, the phenomenon of entanglement is considered, starting from the original idea of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen and further, to Bell’s inequality, continuous-variable entanglement, and finally, macroscopic entanglement.3c49f92c6511c02f1d56ecf4cd7d923eMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:46:29 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:34:29nonlinear optics, quantum optics, entanglement, two-photon light, squeezed lightMaria Chekhova is Research group leader at Max-Planck Institute Erlangen, GermanyIn this second lecture, various types of squeezed light are reviewed:
- squeezed vacuum, including quadrature and twin-beam squeezed vacuum;
- displaced squeezed states;
- bright squeezed vacuum, i.e., squeezed vacuum with a large number of photons per mode.
Finally, the phenomenon of entanglement is considered, starting from the original idea of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen and further, to Bell’s inequality, continuous-variable entanglement, and finally, macroscopic entanglement.32- NL theoretical spectroscopy in condensed matter : an ab initio description266508ec28b985f706e971637fe75708Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:42:53 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:52:29nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsValérie Veniard is Research Director at LSI Ecole Polytechnique Palaiseau, France31- Ultrashort pulses technologies II5efec93cc49d16b2d012a2a84c59e633Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:32:36 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:20:58nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsAndrius Baltuska is professor at University of Technology of Vienna, Austria)30- From the energy of NL interactions to hamiltonians, photon correlations obtained from NLO effectsMy 2 lectures give an overview of quantum effects (different types of entanglement and squeezing) originating from nonlinear-optical phenomena.
In this first lecture, the basic pair creation Hamiltonian, which is responsible for all above-mentioned quantum effects, is derived through macroscopic nonlinear-optical approach taking into account quadratic and cubic nonlinearity. In particular, parametric down-conversion and four-wave mixing/modulation instability are described in detail. Also, seeded versions of these effects are considered. Special accent is made on the number of photons per mode as one of the most important parameters in nonlinear and quantum optics.
Further, the generation and properties of entangled photon pairs are described, including:
- Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry;
- Glauber’s correlation functions;
- two-photon light and the measurement of the two-photon amplitude.d1aaf1d39064ec4cc04a5f5ef0c2801dMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:30:57 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:23:31nonlinear optics, quantum optics, entanglement, two-photon light, squeezed lightMaria Chekhova is Research group leader at Max-Planck Institute Erlangen, GermanyMy 2 lectures give an overview of quantum effects (different types of entanglement and squeezing) originating from nonlinear-optical phenomena.
In this first lecture, the basic pair creation Hamiltonian, which is responsible for all above-mentioned quantum effects, is derived through macroscopic nonlinear-optical approach taking into account quadratic and cubic nonlinearity. In particular, parametric down-conversion and four-wave mixing/modulation instability are described in detail. Also, seeded versions of these effects are considered. Special accent is made on the number of photons per mode as one of the most important parameters in nonlinear and quantum optics.
Further, the generation and properties of entangled photon pairs are described, including:
- Hanbury Brown and Twiss interferometry;
- Glauber’s correlation functions;
- two-photon light and the measurement of the two-photon amplitude.29- NL quantum in special geometries : gas, filled hollow wave guides, whispering gallery mode resonators I5e0941a9ed380029255b616fe1f1aae1Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:29:26 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:13:05nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsGerd Leuchs is Director of Max-Planck-Institut Physik des Lichts at Erlangen, Germany28- NL quantum in special geometries : gas, filled hollow wave guides, whispering gallery mode resonators I2f77f91f5baf8635c85bb795b2d0388dMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:26:10 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds00:01:02nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsGerd Leuchs is Director of Max-Planck-Institut Physik des Lichts at Erlangen, Germany27- Quantum communication (QKD, teledeportation)cb1907666d9a63575b08e5a6add58740Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:22:12 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:06:53nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsHugo Zbinden is Professor at Unversity of Geneva, Switzerland26- Material ingineering for NLO II8ee85a3228cdc21143c537f835e59e8bMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:11:27 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:59:50nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsIsabelle Ledoux-Rak is Professor at Ecole Normale Supérieure cachan, France25- Ultrashort pulses technologies I33bb52b82151497b2ae1f21599e1b2e7Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:07:54 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:21:03nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsAndrius Baltuska is professor at University of Technology of Vienna, Austria)24- Material ingineering for NLO I8f5497df91c5d9f60428db619d479eaeMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:06:22 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:29:54nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsIsabelle Ledoux-Rak is Professor at Ecole Normale Supérieure cachan, France23- Attosecond science from atoms to molecules to solids54e8ed96a524aea30fa973c1a69c77caMon, 06 Feb 2017 11:05:28 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:17:51nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsPaul Corkum is Professor at University of Ottawa, Canada22- High hamonics, attosecond pulse selection & pulse measurementsd6f5a7c07911ab507c763f05daf5c6b5Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:04:17 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:20:16nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsPaul Corkum is Professor at University of Ottawa, Canada21- Re-collision physics : the fundamental18c1bd8cd88e57b6a335f9b51cb36bb5Mon, 06 Feb 2017 11:02:40 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:12:28nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsPaul Corkum is Professor at University of Ottawa, Canada20- Parametric devices & applications in quantum communication81f2efd82db14a512dda4696e52661ceMon, 06 Feb 2017 10:59:28 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:54:00nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsSébastin Tanzilli is full time Researcher at LPMC - CNRS of Nice, France19- CEP-stabilization, application in metrology808decef87f1f0d6c8cb87e1d8a17022Mon, 06 Feb 2017 10:58:23 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:54:41nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsThomas Südmeyer is Professor at Neuchatel University, Switzerland18- Imaging with strucutred light: single pixels cameras& computational ghost imaging357a22a1affe4fa8ec1c258c2e0b3862Mon, 06 Feb 2017 10:54:11 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:25:17nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMiles J. Pagett is Professor at University of Glasgow, Scotland17- Multipolar nonlinear optics of surfaces, bulks & nanostructures IIThis lecture focuses on the second-order nonlinear optical properties of materials on different levels. It aims at improving the description of the nonlinear responses using multipolar concepts, where the traditional electric-dipole approach is complemented by lowest-order magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole effects. These approaches are applied to the description of the nonlinear response of surface and bulk materials as well as nanostructured materials.
• Nonlinear optics within the electric-dipole approximation.
• Symmetry rules for electric-dipole nonlinearities and non-centrosymmetry
requirement.
• Dipolar surface nonlinearity.
• Local-field effects.
• Inclusion of magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole contributions to lowest order and their parameterization.
• Separation between dipolar surface nonlinearity and higher-multipolar bulk
nonlinearity for isotropic materials using two-beam second-harmonic generation.
• Surface and bulk parameters for glasses and metal.
• Multipole effects on the atomic level and macroscopic (effective) level.
• Second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials and their local-field effects.
• Enhancement of the second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials by resonant
effects, passive elements and lattice interactions.
• Contributions from resonant effects and particle geometry.
• High-order polarization modes (cylindrical vector beams) and their use in nonlinear
optical microscopy
• Application of vector-field nonlinear microscopy to address symmetry and morphology of individual nano-objects.
• Application of focused vector fields to control coupling of light to individual
nano-objects.
• The concepts of eigenmodes and resonances for scattering systems. 35dbba2270c9c489933c48f1c1af6bbdMon, 06 Feb 2017 10:52:18 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:43:08nonlinear optics, multipole effects, metamaterials, nonlinear microscopyMartti Kauranen is Professor at Tampere University of Technology, FinlandThis lecture focuses on the second-order nonlinear optical properties of materials on different levels. It aims at improving the description of the nonlinear responses using multipolar concepts, where the traditional electric-dipole approach is complemented by lowest-order magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole effects. These approaches are applied to the description of the nonlinear response of surface and bulk materials as well as nanostructured materials.
• Nonlinear optics within the electric-dipole approximation.
• Symmetry rules for electric-dipole nonlinearities and non-centrosymmetry
requirement.
• Dipolar surface nonlinearity.
• Local-field effects.
• Inclusion of magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole contributions to lowest order and their parameterization.
• Separation between dipolar surface nonlinearity and higher-multipolar bulk
nonlinearity for isotropic materials using two-beam second-harmonic generation.
• Surface and bulk parameters for glasses and metal.
• Multipole effects on the atomic level and macroscopic (effective) level.
• Second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials and their local-field effects.
• Enhancement of the second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials by resonant
effects, passive elements and lattice interactions.
• Contributions from resonant effects and particle geometry.
• High-order polarization modes (cylindrical vector beams) and their use in nonlinear
optical microscopy
• Application of vector-field nonlinear microscopy to address symmetry and morphology of individual nano-objects.
• Application of focused vector fields to control coupling of light to individual
nano-objects.
• The concepts of eigenmodes and resonances for scattering systems. 16- parasitic effects during parametric processesc6c03b19941cf088e7bf426728dd80a7Mon, 06 Feb 2017 10:50:16 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:33:57nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMartin M. Feyer is Professor at Satnford University, USA15- Quasi-phase-matching IIb7b4567b08461ac271b1d6c97a0a81b7Fri, 06 Jan 2017 17:26:17 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:38:29nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMartin M. Feyer is Professor at Satnford University, USA14-Structured light: concepts and theory, light twist (OAM)54c07c9a508a23c5deead0a5fd7e46d2Wed, 04 Jan 2017 13:34:25 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:35:02nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMartti Kauranen is Professor at Tampere University of Technology, Finland13- Multipolar nonlinear optics of surfaces, bulks & nanostructures IThis lecture focuses on the second-order nonlinear optical properties of materials on different levels. It aims at improving the description of the nonlinear responses using multipolar concepts, where the traditional electric-dipole approach is complemented by lowest-order magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole effects. These approaches are applied to the description of the nonlinear response of surface and bulk materials as well as nanostructured materials.
• Nonlinear optics within the electric-dipole approximation.
• Symmetry rules for electric-dipole nonlinearities and non-centrosymmetry
requirement.
• Dipolar surface nonlinearity.
• Local-field effects.
• Inclusion of magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole contributions to lowest order and their parameterization.
• Separation between dipolar surface nonlinearity and higher-multipolar bulk
nonlinearity for isotropic materials using two-beam second-harmonic generation.
• Surface and bulk parameters for glasses and metal.
• Multipole effects on the atomic level and macroscopic (effective) level.
• Second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials and their local-field effects.
• Enhancement of the second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials by resonant
effects, passive elements and lattice interactions.
• Contributions from resonant effects and particle geometry.
• High-order polarization modes (cylindrical vector beams) and their use in nonlinear
optical microscopy
• Application of vector-field nonlinear microscopy to address symmetry and morphology of individual nano-objects.
• Application of focused vector fields to control coupling of light to individual
nano-objects.
• The concepts of eigenmodes and resonances for scattering systems. 607e44e89d66c100e207a7817cdcae46Wed, 04 Jan 2017 13:26:41 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:36:22nonlinear optics, multipole effects, metamaterials, nonlinear microscopyMartti Kauranen is Professor at Tampere University of Technology, FinlandThis lecture focuses on the second-order nonlinear optical properties of materials on different levels. It aims at improving the description of the nonlinear responses using multipolar concepts, where the traditional electric-dipole approach is complemented by lowest-order magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole effects. These approaches are applied to the description of the nonlinear response of surface and bulk materials as well as nanostructured materials.
• Nonlinear optics within the electric-dipole approximation.
• Symmetry rules for electric-dipole nonlinearities and non-centrosymmetry
requirement.
• Dipolar surface nonlinearity.
• Local-field effects.
• Inclusion of magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole contributions to lowest order and their parameterization.
• Separation between dipolar surface nonlinearity and higher-multipolar bulk
nonlinearity for isotropic materials using two-beam second-harmonic generation.
• Surface and bulk parameters for glasses and metal.
• Multipole effects on the atomic level and macroscopic (effective) level.
• Second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials and their local-field effects.
• Enhancement of the second-order response of plasmonic metamaterials by resonant
effects, passive elements and lattice interactions.
• Contributions from resonant effects and particle geometry.
• High-order polarization modes (cylindrical vector beams) and their use in nonlinear
optical microscopy
• Application of vector-field nonlinear microscopy to address symmetry and morphology of individual nano-objects.
• Application of focused vector fields to control coupling of light to individual
nano-objects.
• The concepts of eigenmodes and resonances for scattering systems. 12- NLO to create quantum state of light through PDC & OPA279fea1115bc109e84b3a6eb4b4cc10aWed, 04 Jan 2017 09:50:16 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:33:45nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsRobert W. Boyd is Professor at the Universities of Ottawa (Canada) and Rochester (USA)11- ultrafast OPOs & OPGs, novel high power sources & challengeese1f23f7492b50198ef538f58a3edb083Wed, 04 Jan 2017 09:45:17 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:22:19nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsThomas Südmeyer is Professor at Neuchatel University, Switzerland10- Tensors & spatial symmetries in nonlinear opticsbb044fa2005e49e90cf4d75122e88310Wed, 04 Jan 2017 09:41:47 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:32:49nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsBenoit Boulanger is Professor at Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA), France9- Quasi-phase-matching If37b1b37f595de5415964f76e493a25bWed, 04 Jan 2017 09:40:17 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds02:05:12nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMartin M. Feyer is Professor at Satnford University, USA8- OPOs : concepts, technology & Applications IIThis course provides a review of optical parametric oscillators (OPOs), from basic operation principles to advanced architectures. The course will begin with a description of the fundamental concepts in nonlinear optics and frequency conversion, followed by a discussion of OPO devices and an overview of the current status of OPO technology and their applications. The discussion will mainly cover OPO systems operating in continuous-wave (CW), picosecond and ultrafast femtosecond time-scales.
Specifically, the students gain knowledge of the basic principles of parametric generation and amplification; OPO design issues, nonlinear material and pump laser selection criteria, birefringent and quasi-phase-matching, OPO resonance configurations, OPO operating regimes; CW OPOs, including high-power singly-resonant oscillators, threshold conditions and tuning behavior, frequency control, CW OPOs for the visible, fiber-pumped CW OPOs; picosecond OPOs, including high-repetition-rate cw and pulsed synchronously-pumped OPOs, fiber-laser-pumped OPOs, quasi-phase-matched devices; femtosecond OPOs, including Ti:sapphire-pumped OPOs, spectral and temporal control, femtosecond OPOs for the visible, UV and infrared; commercial development of OPO technology; and novel applications of OPOs in science and technology.d5fce91e44bf385fde47fc8fd5a3637bWed, 04 Jan 2017 09:37:31 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds02:00:28nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMajid Ebrahim-Zadeh is Professor at ICFO the Insitute of Photonic Sciences, SpainThis course provides a review of optical parametric oscillators (OPOs), from basic operation principles to advanced architectures. The course will begin with a description of the fundamental concepts in nonlinear optics and frequency conversion, followed by a discussion of OPO devices and an overview of the current status of OPO technology and their applications. The discussion will mainly cover OPO systems operating in continuous-wave (CW), picosecond and ultrafast femtosecond time-scales.
Specifically, the students gain knowledge of the basic principles of parametric generation and amplification; OPO design issues, nonlinear material and pump laser selection criteria, birefringent and quasi-phase-matching, OPO resonance configurations, OPO operating regimes; CW OPOs, including high-power singly-resonant oscillators, threshold conditions and tuning behavior, frequency control, CW OPOs for the visible, fiber-pumped CW OPOs; picosecond OPOs, including high-repetition-rate cw and pulsed synchronously-pumped OPOs, fiber-laser-pumped OPOs, quasi-phase-matched devices; femtosecond OPOs, including Ti:sapphire-pumped OPOs, spectral and temporal control, femtosecond OPOs for the visible, UV and infrared; commercial development of OPO technology; and novel applications of OPOs in science and technology.7- Nonlinear fiber optics: concepts & applications IIf1af25b0b9fd49810cd5437c66649ccfWed, 04 Jan 2017 09:27:40 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:38:23nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsGuy Millot is Professor at the Université de Bouguogne, France6- OPOs : concepts, technology & Applications I This course provides a review of optical parametric oscillators (OPOs), from basic operation principles to advanced architectures. The course will begin with a description of the fundamental concepts in nonlinear optics and frequency conversion, followed by a discussion of OPO devices and an overview of the current status of OPO technology and their applications. The discussion will mainly cover OPO systems operating in continuous-wave (CW), picosecond and ultrafast femtosecond time-scales.
Specifically, the students gain knowledge of the basic principles of parametric generation and amplification; OPO design issues, nonlinear material and pump laser selection criteria, birefringent and quasi-phase-matching, OPO resonance configurations, OPO operating regimes; CW OPOs, including high-power singly-resonant oscillators, threshold conditions and tuning behavior, frequency control, CW OPOs for the visible, fiber-pumped CW OPOs; picosecond OPOs, including high-repetition-rate cw and pulsed synchronously-pumped OPOs, fiber-laser-pumped OPOs, quasi-phase-matched devices; femtosecond OPOs, including Ti:sapphire-pumped OPOs, spectral and temporal control, femtosecond OPOs for the visible, UV and infrared; commercial development of OPO technology; and novel applications of OPOs in science and technology.e2a77050ea73d8cff9ff59708381ccd4Tue, 03 Jan 2017 17:25:13 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:30:10nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsMajid Ebrahim-Zadeh is Professor at ICFO the Insitute of Photonic Sciences, SpainThis course provides a review of optical parametric oscillators (OPOs), from basic operation principles to advanced architectures. The course will begin with a description of the fundamental concepts in nonlinear optics and frequency conversion, followed by a discussion of OPO devices and an overview of the current status of OPO technology and their applications. The discussion will mainly cover OPO systems operating in continuous-wave (CW), picosecond and ultrafast femtosecond time-scales.
Specifically, the students gain knowledge of the basic principles of parametric generation and amplification; OPO design issues, nonlinear material and pump laser selection criteria, birefringent and quasi-phase-matching, OPO resonance configurations, OPO operating regimes; CW OPOs, including high-power singly-resonant oscillators, threshold conditions and tuning behavior, frequency control, CW OPOs for the visible, fiber-pumped CW OPOs; picosecond OPOs, including high-repetition-rate cw and pulsed synchronously-pumped OPOs, fiber-laser-pumped OPOs, quasi-phase-matched devices; femtosecond OPOs, including Ti:sapphire-pumped OPOs, spectral and temporal control, femtosecond OPOs for the visible, UV and infrared; commercial development of OPO technology; and novel applications of OPOs in science and technology.5- Nonlinear fiber optics: concepts & applications Ifea0f5e412f8ca964c6b563860d1aabeTue, 03 Jan 2017 17:20:04 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:26:37nonlinear optics, non linear materials, frequency conversion, parametric devices, quantum opticsGuy Millot is Professor at the Université de Bouguogne France4- Foundation of nonlinear optics IV This lecture focuses on fundamentals in crystal and parametric optics. It aims at giving guidelines and tools for understanding the main concepts as well as the design, characterization and use of crystals for optical parametric generation. The following main aspects are detailed.
•Constitutive relations and Maxwell equations.
•Classification of the nonlinear interactions using the corpuscular approach: fusion and splitting involving three or four photons, spontaneous and stimulated processes.
•Calculation of the electric susceptibility from the Lorentz model: perturbation approach leading to the definition of the different orders of the electric susceptibility, wavelength dispersion, intrinsic symmetries (Kleinman and ABDP), implications of spatial symmetry on the susceptibility tensors (Neumann principle).
•Tensors algebra and calculation of the first, second and third order polarizations.
•Modelling of the macroscopic nonlinearities of matter from the microscopic scale using the bond charge model and ab initio calculations, Miller index.
•Basics in linear crystal optics: propagation equation, index surface, birefringence, double refraction, eigenmodes.
•Amplitude equations in the nonlinear regime, Manley-Rowe relations.
•Calculation of the effective coefficient based on the field tensor formalism.
•Types and topology of collinear and non-collinear Birefringence Phase-Matching and Quasi-Phase-Matching in bulk media and whispering-gallery-mode resonators.
•Integration of the amplitude equations and calculation of the conversion efficiencies associated with second harmonic generation (SHG), direct and cascaded third harmonic generation (THG), spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC), optical parametric amplification (OPA), optical parametric generation (OPG), optical parametric oscillation (OPO).
•Angular, spectral and thermal acceptances.
•Spatial and temporal walk-off effects.
•Techniques of characterization of nonlinear crystals: refractive indices, phase-matching and quasi-phase-matching loci, conversion efficiencies, magnitudes and relative signs of the nonlinear coefficients, acceptances.
•The main nonlinear crystals for optical parametric generation, from ultraviolet to THz. 0658175abf4e1d4a82b9b90abd5655adTue, 03 Jan 2017 17:19:03 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:34:57nonlinear optics, crystal optics, optical parametric interations, non linear crystalsBenoit Boulanger is Professor at Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA), FranceThis lecture focuses on fundamentals in crystal and parametric optics. It aims at giving guidelines and tools for understanding the main concepts as well as the design, characterization and use of crystals for optical parametric generation. The following main aspects are detailed.
•Constitutive relations and Maxwell equations.
•Classification of the nonlinear interactions using the corpuscular approach: fusion and splitting involving three or four photons, spontaneous and stimulated processes.
•Calculation of the electric susceptibility from the Lorentz model: perturbation approach leading to the definition of the different orders of the electric susceptibility, wavelength dispersion, intrinsic symmetries (Kleinman and ABDP), implications of spatial symmetry on the susceptibility tensors (Neumann principle).
•Tensors algebra and calculation of the first, second and third order polarizations.
•Modelling of the macroscopic nonlinearities of matter from the microscopic scale using the bond charge model and ab initio calculations, Miller index.
•Basics in linear crystal optics: propagation equation, index surface, birefringence, double refraction, eigenmodes.
•Amplitude equations in the nonlinear regime, Manley-Rowe relations.
•Calculation of the effective coefficient based on the field tensor formalism.
•Types and topology of collinear and non-collinear Birefringence Phase-Matching and Quasi-Phase-Matching in bulk media and whispering-gallery-mode resonators.
•Integration of the amplitude equations and calculation of the conversion efficiencies associated with second harmonic generation (SHG), direct and cascaded third harmonic generation (THG), spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC), optical parametric amplification (OPA), optical parametric generation (OPG), optical parametric oscillation (OPO).
•Angular, spectral and thermal acceptances.
•Spatial and temporal walk-off effects.
•Techniques of characterization of nonlinear crystals: refractive indices, phase-matching and quasi-phase-matching loci, conversion efficiencies, magnitudes and relative signs of the nonlinear coefficients, acceptances.
•The main nonlinear crystals for optical parametric generation, from ultraviolet to THz. 3- Foundation of nonlinear optics III This lecture stresses means of generating, characterizing, and utilizing quantum states of light. Topics to be addressed include
• Generating and characterizing quantum states of light
• Quantum information with orbital angular momentum (OAM) states of light
• Quantum imaging
• Optical forces
• Möbius strips of polarization 7230faae830f56ffbaaa39d8cc5844d8Tue, 03 Jan 2017 17:16:01 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:41:25nonlinear optics, quantum information, orbital angular momentum, quantum imagingRobert W. Boyd is Professor at the University of Ottawa (Canada) and the University of Rochester (USA)This lecture stresses means of generating, characterizing, and utilizing quantum states of light. Topics to be addressed include
• Generating and characterizing quantum states of light
• Quantum information with orbital angular momentum (OAM) states of light
• Quantum imaging
• Optical forces
• Möbius strips of polarization 2- Foundation of nonlinear Optics II This lecture focuses on fundamentals in crystal and parametric optics. It aims at giving guidelines and tools for understanding the main concepts as well as the design, characterization and use of crystals for optical parametric generation. The following main aspects are detailed.
•Constitutive relations and Maxwell equations.
•Classification of the nonlinear interactions using the corpuscular approach: fusion and splitting involving three or four photons, spontaneous and stimulated processes.
•Calculation of the electric susceptibility from the Lorentz model: perturbation approach leading to the definition of the different orders of the electric susceptibility, wavelength dispersion, intrinsic symmetries (Kleinman and ABDP), implications of spatial symmetry on the susceptibility tensors (Neumann principle).
•Tensors algebra and calculation of the first, second and third order polarizations.
•Modelling of the macroscopic nonlinearities of matter from the microscopic scale using the bond charge model and ab initio calculations, Miller index.
•Basics in linear crystal optics: propagation equation, index surface, birefringence, double refraction, eigenmodes.
•Amplitude equations in the nonlinear regime, Manley-Rowe relations.
•Calculation of the effective coefficient based on the field tensor formalism.
•Types and topology of collinear and non-collinear Birefringence Phase-Matching and Quasi-Phase-Matching in bulk media and whispering-gallery-mode resonators.
•Integration of the amplitude equations and calculation of the conversion efficiencies associated with second harmonic generation (SHG), direct and cascaded third harmonic generation (THG), spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC), optical parametric amplification (OPA), optical parametric generation (OPG), optical parametric oscillation (OPO).
•Angular, spectral and thermal acceptances.
•Spatial and temporal walk-off effects.
•Techniques of characterization of nonlinear crystals: refractive indices, phase-matching and quasi-phase-matching loci, conversion efficiencies, magnitudes and relative signs of the nonlinear coefficients, acceptances.
•The main nonlinear crystals for optical parametric generation, from ultraviolet to THz. 84aabacbbd51362df2207cdecddcb430Tue, 03 Jan 2017 17:08:16 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds02:00:02nonlinear optics, crystal optics, optical parametric interations, non linear crystalsBenoit Boulanger is Professor at Université Grenoble Alpes (UGA), FranceThis lecture focuses on fundamentals in crystal and parametric optics. It aims at giving guidelines and tools for understanding the main concepts as well as the design, characterization and use of crystals for optical parametric generation. The following main aspects are detailed.
•Constitutive relations and Maxwell equations.
•Classification of the nonlinear interactions using the corpuscular approach: fusion and splitting involving three or four photons, spontaneous and stimulated processes.
•Calculation of the electric susceptibility from the Lorentz model: perturbation approach leading to the definition of the different orders of the electric susceptibility, wavelength dispersion, intrinsic symmetries (Kleinman and ABDP), implications of spatial symmetry on the susceptibility tensors (Neumann principle).
•Tensors algebra and calculation of the first, second and third order polarizations.
•Modelling of the macroscopic nonlinearities of matter from the microscopic scale using the bond charge model and ab initio calculations, Miller index.
•Basics in linear crystal optics: propagation equation, index surface, birefringence, double refraction, eigenmodes.
•Amplitude equations in the nonlinear regime, Manley-Rowe relations.
•Calculation of the effective coefficient based on the field tensor formalism.
•Types and topology of collinear and non-collinear Birefringence Phase-Matching and Quasi-Phase-Matching in bulk media and whispering-gallery-mode resonators.
•Integration of the amplitude equations and calculation of the conversion efficiencies associated with second harmonic generation (SHG), direct and cascaded third harmonic generation (THG), spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC), optical parametric amplification (OPA), optical parametric generation (OPG), optical parametric oscillation (OPO).
•Angular, spectral and thermal acceptances.
•Spatial and temporal walk-off effects.
•Techniques of characterization of nonlinear crystals: refractive indices, phase-matching and quasi-phase-matching loci, conversion efficiencies, magnitudes and relative signs of the nonlinear coefficients, acceptances.
•The main nonlinear crystals for optical parametric generation, from ultraviolet to THz. 1- Foundation of nonlinear optics I This lecture presents a tutorial introduction to the field of nonlinear optics. Topics to be addressed include
• Introduction to nonlinear optics
• Coupled ampitude equations and harmonic generation.
• Mechanisms of optical nonlinearity
• Self-action effects in nonlinear optics
• Local-field effects in nonlinear optics
• Slow and fast light
• Spontaneous and stimulated light scatteringa31c2807e2893c93d6334d05a0b4f679Tue, 03 Jan 2017 17:04:39 +0100Benoit Boulanger and Patricia Segonds01:15:54nonlinear optics, harmonic generation, optical parametric interations, self-action effectsRobert W. Boyd is Professor at the Universitiy of Ottawa (Canada) and the University of Rochester (USA)This lecture presents a tutorial introduction to the field of nonlinear optics. Topics to be addressed include
• Introduction to nonlinear optics
• Coupled ampitude equations and harmonic generation.
• Mechanisms of optical nonlinearity
• Self-action effects in nonlinear optics
• Local-field effects in nonlinear optics
• Slow and fast light
• Spontaneous and stimulated light scatteringCe podcast est diffusé sous licence creative commons by-nc-sa2773df747453f0c3db3c06096079ba53Wed, 05 Apr 2000 08:56:16 +0200Jean-Michel Mermet0Merci de consulter les conditions juridiques d'utilisation des épisodes de ce podcast